Microphones

A microphone transforms sound waves into electrical energy, which can then be connected up to a mixing console, interface or recorder or a standalone preamp, which boosts the low voltage microphone signal to line level. All microphones have a certain “Polar Pattern” which shows in what direction the microphone picks up in, these could be cardioid (directional), supercardiod (very directional) or Omnidirectional (non-directional).

There are differing types of microphone which are most suitable for specific applications, such as directional “shotgun” microphones for location recording or large diaphragm condenser microphones for close miked studio vocals. USB microphones integrate the interface into the microphone itself.

Microphone Accessories

Clips, shields and adaptors for microphones.

View:

Condenser Microphones

Condenser (or Capacitor) microphones are fantastic for detailed recording work. When using them for vocal recording, think about if you need a pop filter (to stop plosives) or a reflection shield to minimise room noise on recordings and produce a clearer result. All condenser microphones need a power supply from somewhere, either battery or 48V Phantom Power from a desk or interface.

View:

Dynamic Microphones

Dynamic Mics dont require any external power and can handle loud SPL's. Great for live shows and mic'ing drums!

View:

USB Microphone

USB Mics include a digital converter, most dont have conventional XLR sockets, but provide an easy way of recording vocals into your computer. Fantastic for recording speech and voiceovers.

View:
Tekspek An in-depth guide into tech: Housekeeping