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TekSpek CPUs
AMD Ryzen 5000 Series

AMD Ryzen 5000 Series

Date issued:

AMD Ryzen 5000 Series

Zen noun

1: a Japanese sect of Mahayana Buddhism that aims at enlightenment by direct intuition through meditation
2: a state of calm attentiveness in which one's actions are guided by intuition rather than by conscious effort
3: a revolutionary AMD architecture that transformed the chip manufacturer's fortunes in the battle against rival Intel

amd ryzen 5000 CPU

It's that third definition that tech enthusiasts will remember, and make no mistake, since the arrival of the first AMD Ryzen processors a little over three years ago, the Zen architecture has made rapid progress with subsequent releases, culminating in today's arrival of the all-singing, all-dancing Ryzen 5000 Series.

A choice of four chips is available on day one, with each harnessing the latest enhancements available to the ultra-refined Zen 3 architecture. We'll cover some of those upgrades shortly, but first let's see where the initial 5000 Series quartet fits into the overall AMD Ryzen desktop product landscape.

AMD Ryzen desktop processors

Model Cores / Threads TDP L3 Cache Base Clock Turbo Clock Process PCIe DDR4 MSRP
AMD Ryzen 9
Ryzen 9 5950X 16 / 32 105W 64MB 3.4GHz 4.9GHz 7nm 24 3200 $799
Ryzen 9 3950X 16 / 32 105W 64MB 3.5GHz 4.7GHz 7nm 24 3200 $749
Ryzen 9 5900X 12 / 24 105W 64MB 3.7GHz 4.8GHz 7nm 24 3200 $549
Ryzen 9 3900XT 12 / 24 105W 64MB 3.8GHz 4.7GHz 7nm 24 3200 $499
Ryzen 9 3900X 12 / 24 105W 64MB 3.8GHz 4.6GHz 7nm 24 3200 $499
AMD Ryzen 7
Ryzen 7 5800X 8 / 16 105W 32MB 3.8GHz 4.7GHz 7nm 24 3200 $449
Ryzen 7 3800XT 8 / 16 105W 32MB 3.9GHz 4.7GHz 7nm 24 3200 $399
Ryzen 7 3800X 8 / 16 105W 32MB 3.9GHz 4.5GHz 7nm 24 3200 $399
Ryzen 7 3700X 8 / 16 65W 32MB 3.6GHz 4.4GHz 7nm 24 3200 $329
Ryzen 7 2700X 8 / 16 105W 16MB 3.7GHz 4.3GHz 12nm 24 2933 $329
Ryzen 7 2700 8 / 16 65W 16MB 3.2GHz 4.1GHz 12nm 24 2933 $299
Ryzen 7 1800X 8 / 16 95W 16MB 3.6GHz 4.0GHz 14nm 24 2666 $349
Ryzen 7 1700X 8 / 16 95W 16MB 3.4GHz 3.8GHz 14nm 24 2666 $309
Ryzen 7 1700 8 / 16 65W 16MB 3.0GHz 3.7GHz 14nm 24 2666 $299
AMD Ryzen 5
Ryzen 5 5600X 6 / 12 65W 32MB 3.7GHz 4.6GHz 7nm 24 3200 $299
Ryzen 5 3600XT 6 / 12 95W 32MB 3.8GHz 4.5GHz 7nm 24 3200 $249
Ryzen 5 3600X 6 / 12 95W 32MB 3.8GHz 4.4GHz 7nm 24 3200 $249
Ryzen 5 3600 6 / 12 65W 32MB 3.6GHz 4.2GHz 7nm 24 3200 $199
Ryzen 5 2600X 6 / 12 95W 16MB 3.6GHz 4.2GHz 12nm 24 2933 $229
Ryzen 5 2600 6 / 12 65W 16MB 3.4GHz 3.9GHz 12nm 24 2933 $199
Ryzen 5 1600X 6 / 12 95W 16MB 3.6GHz 4.0GHz 14nm 24 2666 $219
Ryzen 5 1600 6 / 12 65W 16MB 3.2GHz 3.6GHz 14nm 24 2666 $189
Ryzen 5 3400G 4 / 8 65W 4MB 3.7GHz 4.2GHz 12nm 24 2933 $149
Ryzen 5 2400G 4 / 8 65W 4MB 3.6GHz 3.9GHz 14nm 16 2933 $169
Ryzen 5 1500X 4 / 8 65W 16MB 3.5GHz 3.7GHz 14nm 24 2666 $174
Ryzen 5 1400 4 / 8 65W 8MB 3.2GHz 3.4GHz 14nm 24 2666 $169
AMD Ryzen 3
Ryzen 3 3300X 4 / 8 65W 16MB 3.8GHz 4.3GHz 7nm 24 3200 $120
Ryzen 3 3100 4 / 8 65W 16MB 3.6GHz 3.9GHz 7nm 24 3200 $99
Ryzen 3 3200G 4 / 4 65W 4MB 3.6GHz 4.0GHz 14nm 16 2933 $99
Ryzen 3 2200G 4 / 4 65W 4MB 3.5GHz 3.7GHz 14nm 16 2933 $99
Ryzen 3 1300X 4 / 4 65W 8MB 3.5GHz 3.7GHz 14nm 24 2666 $129
Ryzen 3 1200 4 / 4 65W 8MB 3.1GHz 3.4GHz 14nm 24 2666 $109

Ryzen 9 5950X, Ryzen 9 5900X, Ryzen 7 5800X and Ryzen 5 5600X. Those are the choices at launch, and perusing the specification table suggests that not a lot has changed between 3000 and 5000 Series parts. Core and thread counts are consistent with previous-generation counterparts, TDPs are familiar at up to 105W, and the latest hardware continues to be built on a 7nm process that has served AMD well.

On paper, the most obvious change is an increase in peak frequency - the headline Ryzen 9 5950X can hit 4.9GHz, a 0.2GHz increase over the incumbent 3950X - but such goodness is offset by a slightly higher MSRP that doesn't take into account retail discounts on older hardware. Doesn't seem a revolutionary upgrade, yet there's more to Zen 3 than first meets the eye.

Zen 3 Upgrades

Appreciating that it has an incredibly solid foundation in Zen 2, AMD's focus has shifted primarily to IPC, identified as the last remaining hurdle that separates its Ryzen CPUs from rival Intel Core. You may have heard suggestions that Core hardware is better suited to gaming, and for the most part that argument has proven accurate; Intel's lead in IPC (instructions per clock) has thus far managed to keep Ryzen at arm's length in common gaming scenarios.

amd ryzen 5000 Zen Journey

The time has come to banish such ideals. With Zen 3, AMD promises a significant IPC uplift to the tune of almost 20 per cent. No small feat for a processor series built on the same process while employing the long-running AM4 socket. So how has AMD managed to drastically increase the amount of work completed per clock cycle?

As is often the case with CPU architectures, it's a case of multiple seemingly small tweaks that combine to great effect. At the front end, AMD has beefed up the branch predictor with more bandwidth and the ability to quickly recover from mispredicts, helping keep things moving in an optimal manner.

amd ryzen 5000 Zen2 vs Zen3

The Zen 3 execution engine stands to benefit from a 50 per cent increase in dispatch bandwidth (6 vs. 4), and greater load/store resources are at hand to shift data from memory and registers more efficiently than ever before. These are evolutionary enhancements geared toward bridging the IPC divide, and the changes extend all the way through to cache.

In an eight-core configuration, for example, Zen 2 would employ dual CCXes (core complexes), giving each access to an independent pool of L3 cache. Zen 3 takes a far more favourable approach in the form of a monolithic CCD (core chiplet die) whereby each core is able to dip into one all-encompassing L3 cache, reducing the need for cross-communication and the added latency that such inefficiency would bring. Point is, Zen 3 takes Zen 2 and irons out certain wrinkles to fundamentally transform IPC performance. And remember, a Ryzen 5000 Series CPU will slot right into most existing X570 and B550 motherboards with a simple BIOS update.


amd ryzen 5000 Cinebench

You have to see it to believe it, and benchmarks from leading review sites confirm that AMD's IPC ambitions have been realised, and then some. The single-thread Cinebench test is a good indication of IPC performance, and Ryzen 9 5950X delivers a performance uplift of just over 21 per cent compared to the already-quick Ryzen 9 3950X.

amd ryzen 5000 Cinebench Multi

Top of the charts in both single- and multi-threaded tests. It is clear that AMD's Ryzen journey is complete; the new 5000 Series delivers on all fronts.

amd ryzen 5000 Final Fantasy

And yes, for gamers, Ryzen can no longer be deemed a second-class citizen. Indeed, at the time of writing, there is no better gaming CPU than AMD Ryzen 9 5000 Series.


Make no mistake, AMD has well and truly hit its stride, and with the Zen 3 architecture delivers best-in-class performance irrespective of scenario. Whether you're gaming, rendering, or getting accustomed to working from home, a Ryzen 5000 Series CPU ticks every applicable box.

amd ryzen 5000 Box Shot

Ready to make the leap? The full range of AMD Ryzen 5000 Series processors are available to purchase right here at Scan Computers.